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In Christendom we have none. Since in no place, and at no time, has this equality ever existed in reality, nor will it ever, what has happened is that as soon as a new religious teaching appeared (including as always a recognition of equality between all men) those for whom inequality was more advantageous have immediately tried to conceal this basic feature, thereby misconstruing the actual doctrine. But in more recent times, since Hegel's assertion that all that exists is reasonable, the question of what one must do has been pushed to the background and philosophy has directed its whole attention to the investigation of things as they are, and to fitting them into a prearranged theory. But they fail to stand up to the critique of reason. In the 1860s, Russian author Leo Tolstoy wrote his first great novel, War and Peace. But I want to understand in such a way as to be brought to the inevitably inexplicable. The reason they occur is because no matter how unsophisticated it may be, every religion in its true meaning always establishes a relationship between man and the infinite, which is one and the same for all people. Thus the whole of technology is aimed not at easing the burden of the working masses, but at the improvements requested by the wealthy classes, thus increasing the division between rich and poor, masters and slaves. Every religion is an answer to the question of the meaning of life. One can see the terrible distortion of man’s spiritual world that inevitably results from such an education, and is supported in adult life by all the techniques of persuasion which, with the aid of the clergy, are continually exercised on people. (Leo Tolstoy, 1879). And the religious answer includes a certain moral demand. Significantly, the Wave Structure of Matter shows that Matter and the Universe are One. ..The principles are very simple, comprehensible and uncomplicated. This is without mentioning all the nonsense in the Old Testament, such as the creation of light before the sun, the creation of the world six thousand years ago, the housing of all the animals in the ark, and all the various immoral atrocities such as the order to murder children and entire populations at God’s command. All the concepts we use to compare the finite to the infinite, and to arrive at an understanding of life, of the concepts of God, freedom and goodness, are put to the test of logic. This suffering originates from passions and desires, therefore he ought to try and nullify them, and make the transition to Nirvana. Perris, et al., first published in London by Hoder and Stroughton in 1903. If therefore a religion fails to establish this relationship, as for instances in idolatry, or sorcery, then it is not a religion, but merely a degeneration of one. And thus, all the three previous methods of religious distortion- priesthood, miracles, and the infallibility of the Scriptures- were adopted wholeheartedly by Christianity. Tolstoy had not always been possessed of the religious ideas set forth in My Religion. A further thing was the Church’s attitude to life with regard to war and executions. To claim that the supernatural and irrational form the basic characteristics of religion is much the same as noticing only the rotten apples and then claiming that the basic features of the fruit named apple are a flaccid bitterness and a harmful effect produced in the stomach. He may not know that he has a religion, just as a person may not know that he has a heart, but it is no more possible for a person to exist without a religion than without a heart. without any kind of relationship to the world) as it is for there to be a person without a heart. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), In the liturgy the most significant words for me were; ‘Love one another in unity.’ But further on I ignored the words: ‘We believe in the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost’, because I could not understand them. And assuming that truth lies in union by love, I was struck by the fact that theology was destroying the thing it should be advancing. The main reason for the terrible cruelty between men today, apart from the absence of religion, is still the refined complexity of life which shields people from the consequences of their actions. At these times the educated minority, no longer believing in the existing religious teaching, simply pretend to believe in it because they find it necessary for the purpose of holding the masses to the established order of life. Leo Tolstoy On this date in 1828, the great Russian novelist Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was born as a landed count on his family's Yasnaya Polyana estate near Tula. Man may regard himself as an animal living among animals, by the day, or he may think of himself as a member of a family, or society, or a nation that lives for centuries. This means only in faith can we find the meaning and possibility of life. The usual reply to this is that they are already inventing, and with time will have invented, devices to check the destruction of human life existing at the moment. Tolstoy’s Religious Beliefs Extracted from "Challenging Christianity: Leo Tolstoy and Religious Education" by Dan Moulin Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910) is best known for his novels War and Peaceand Anna Karenina. Union among men gives them the highest attainable well-being, on both the physical and the spiritual level. To know God and to live is the same thing. And think about your connection to the universe! This situation and the mutual relations between the non-believing, pretentious minority, and the hypnotised majority, shapes the life of our world, which we call Christian. However, since the appearance of rational man there has not been one human society that could live or has lived without religion. But this interruption of religious influences on people’s lives, occurring at certain times in all religions, has always been temporary. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), And the cause of everything is that which we call God. The second method is typical of the majority of non-religious people, who lack a general standard of evaluating the worthiness of their actions and who therefore always establish conformity between their reason and their actions, not by subjecting the latter to the former but- having accomplished an action under the impulse of feeling- by using reason to justify them. That which I found false in the teachings, and that which I found true, and the conclusions I came to comprise the following section of this essay, which, if someone should consider it worthwhile and useful to people, will probably be published some day, somewhere. Leo Tolstoy had been baptised and brought up as an Orthodox Christian, but somehow he lost his faith in religion to his university years. I knew that I could find nothing along the path of rational knowledge, other than negation of life. If he does understand the illusion of the finite, he is bound to believe in the infinite. Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoi (Leo Tolstoy) (1828-1910), was a Russian author and moral philosopher. The selection includes 'A Confession,' 'Religion and Morality,' 'What Is Religion, and of What Does Its Essence Consist?,' and 'The Law of Love and the Law of Violence.' In order to pour something into a full vessel one must first empty it of its contents. All the other twelve feast days, except for Christmas, were in memory of miracles- things which I endeavoured not to think about, in order not to deny them: the Ascension, Pentecost, the Epiphany, the Intercession of the Virgin, and so on. What am I? ‘Les obligations de l’homme envers Dieu voila la religion,’ says Vauvenargues.29 Schleiermacher30 and Feuerbach attribute a similar meaning to religion when they acknowledge that the basis of religion is man’s consciousness of his dependence on God. True religion is that relationship, in accordance with reason and knowledge, which man establishes with the infinite world around him, and which binds his life to that infinity and guides his actions .. and leads to the practical rules of the law: do to others as you would have them do unto you. Never before at any period of religious decline has such a low level of disregard and negligence towards the chief characteristic of all religions and of Christianity in particular- the equality of all men- been reached as in our time. Raised in the Russian Orthodox Church, Tolstoy lost his religion at 18. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), According to the explanations of these theologians, the basic dogma of faith is the infallibility of the Church. The rest, the great majority of the population, accept as faith the hypnotism exercised over them and slavishly submit to everything demanded of them by their non-believing rulers and persuaders. This divergence and perversion of the essential question is most striking in what goes today by the name of philosophy. Reason was acknowledged as the source of all error and the Gospels were not interpreted in the light of common-sense, but merely as those who constituted the Church wished. I could understand the law of observing the Sabbath, in other words devoting one day to God. Following the successful publication of “Anna Karenina” in the 1870s, Tolstoy, increasingly uncomfortable with his aristocratic background and ever-increasing wealth, underwent a series of emotional and spiritual crises that ultimately left him questioning his belief in the tenets of organized religion, which he saw as corrupt and at odds with his interpretation of the teachings of Jesus Christ. Leo Tolstoy acknowledged the fundamental morality of all world religions is 'Do unto others as would be done unto thy Self.' Against the attribution of sacred knowledge to books it was said that what is important is the spirit and not the letter, that man ought not to believe in human traditions, and that all the laws and the Prophets, that is all those books in which the writing is considered sacred, lead only to the fact that we should do to others as we would wish them to do to us. .. ... And the cause of everything is that which we call God. 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